مقایسة دانش تاکتیکی و علاقة موقعیتی درآموزش سنتی و روش‌های مبتنی‌بر بازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استاد رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثر مدل‌های آموزش سنتی و بازی موقعیتی بر دانش تاکتیکی و علاقة موقعیتی پسران 10 تا 12 ساله در فوتبال انجام شد. آزمودنی‌ها 24 دانش‌آموز مدرسة فوتبال (سن 73/0 ± 11 سال) بودند. پژوهش شامل پیش­آزمون، آموزش به دو شیوۀ بازی موقعیتی و سنتی، پس‌آزمون و آزمون یادداری تأخیری بود. آزمودنی­ها در دو گروه و به‌مدت 12 جلسه مطابق با رویکرد آموزشی گروه خود به تمرین پرداختند. آموزش به شیوة بازی موقعیتی براساس مدل مبتنی‌بر بازی در پنج مرحله بود. در روش سنتی نیز آموزش با تأکید بر مهارت و تکنیک انجام شد. فراگیران مقیاس­های دانش تاکتیکی و علاقة موقعیتی را در تمام مراحل آزمون­ها تکمیل کردند.برای تحلیل داده­ها از آزمون تحلیل واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر، تحلیل کوواریانس و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که دانش تاکتیکی گروه بازی موقعیتی در مقایسه با گروه سنتی بیشتر بود. علاوه‌بر‌این، امتیازهای علاقة موقعیتی برای گروه بازی موقعیتی در پس­آزمون در مقایسه با پیش­آزمون پیشرفت بیشتری را نشان داد و در عوامل چالش نیاز به توجه، نوآوری و علاقة کلی بین دو گروه تفاوت معنادار وجود داشت. با توجه به اینکه مدل آموزش موقعیتی با سناریوهای بازی یک مدل خلاقانة آموزشی است که برای آموزش ورزش‌ها در کلاس‌های درس تربیت­بدنی ارائه شده است، استفاده از این رویکرد جدید مبتنی‌بر بازی شاید بتواند علاوه بر ارتقای سطح عملکرد بازی و یادگیری موجب افزایش علاقه، کیفیت انگیزش و سطح فعالیت بدنی دانش‌آموزان شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Tactical Knowledge and Situational Interest in Traditional Teaching and Game-Based Methods

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Daneshyar 1
  • Hasan Mohammadzadeh 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Motor Behavior, Factually of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Professor of Motor Behavior, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of traditional training and situational game models on tactical knowledge and situational interest in boys aged 10-12 in football. The study subjects were 24 football school students with a mean age 110±./73. The study consisted of four stages of pre-test, two SGTSP and traditional positional play models, post-test and delayed retention.Subjects in two groups paticipated in 12 sessions trainings in accordance with their training approach.Situational game practice included training based on a 5-step game-based model.. Traditional training also included: training with an emphasis on skill and technique. Tactical knowledge scales and situational interest were completed by learners at all stages of the Descriptive statistics, ANOVA with repeated measures, covariance analysis and Bonferroni post hoc test were used for data analysis. The results show that the tactical knowledge of the SGTSP group is greater than the traditional group. In addition, the scores of situational interest for the SGTSP group showed an increasing in the post-test compared to the pre-test that in challenge, need for attention, innovation, was a significant difference between the two groups. Given that Situational Learning Model with Game Scenarios is a creative educational model presented for sports education in physical education classrooms,The use of this new game-based approach may be able to increase interest, quality of motivation and level of physical activity of students, in addition to enhancing the level of play and learning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • situational game
  • tactical knowledge
  • Game scenario
  • situational interest
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