تاثیر دو روش برنامۀ تمرینی حرکتی و بازی‌های کامپیوتری بر مهارت‌های حرکتی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال سندرم داون

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران- پردیس بین الملل کیش

2 دانشگاه تهران

3 انستیتو پاستور ایران

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق، بررسی تاثیر دو روش برنامۀ تمرینی حرکتی و بازی‌های کامپیوتری بر مهارت‌های حرکتی کودکان مبتلا به اختلال سندرم داون بود. برای این منظور، تعداد 30 نفر از دانش‌آموزان مدارس استثنایی مازندران با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. پس از همگن‌سازی نمرات در مرحلۀ پیش‌آزمون، آزمودنی‌ها در سه گروه 10 نفری شامل دو گروه تجربی (برنامۀ تمرینی حرکتی و بازی‌های کامپیوتری) و یک گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. افراد گروه‌های تجربی به‌ مدت 8 هفته ، هفته‌ای سه جلسه‌ی 45 دقیقه‌ای به انجام بازی‌های منتخب پرداختند. گروه کنترل هیچ برنامه خاصی دریافت نکرد و زندگی روزمره خود را انجام دادند. در پایان مداخلات تمرینی، پس‌‌آزمون گرفته شد. آزمون برونینکس اوزرتسکی برای ارزیابی عملکرد حرکتی استفاده شد. از آزمون تی وابسته، تحلیل کوواریانس و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی در سطح 05/0P برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین گروه های بازی کامپیوتری و کنترل و همچنین گروه برنامه تمرینی و کنترل تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد (به ترتیب013/0P= و001/0P= ). اما بین گروه های بازی های کامپیوتری و برنامه تمرینی تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد (479/0P=). بنابراین، به نظر می‌رسد که علیرغم برخی نظرات که بازی‌های کامپیوتری را در بهبود رشد حرکتی بی تاثیر می دانند، استفادۀ درست از آن در بهبود رشد حرکتی کودکان مبتلا به سندرم داون مؤثر است و همچنین برنامۀ تمرینی حرکتی می‌تواند در بهبود عملکرد حرکتی آنها مفید واقع شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of two methods of motor practice and computer games on motor skills in children with Down syndrome disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamid sedaghat 1
  • fazlollah bagherzadeh 2
  • mahmoud sheikh 2
  • naser naghdi 3
1 university of tehran, kish pardiis
2 university of tehran
3 Professor, Pasteur Dept of Tehran,
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two methods of motor practice and computer games on motor skills in children with Down syndrome disorder. For this purpose, 30 students who were studying in exceptional schools in Mazandaran were selected with available sampling method. After homogenizing the scores in the pretest, participants were divided into three groups of 10 people including two experimental groups (motor practice and computer game groups) and one control group. Experimental groups participated in selective games for 8 weeks, three 45-minute sessions a week. The control group did not received any treatment and lived their daily life. At the end of the training interventions, a post-test was conducted. Bruininks Oseretsky test was selected to evaluate motor activity. Dependent t-test, Covariance analysis and Bonferroni post hoc test were used for data analysis at P0.5 level. The results showed that there is a significant difference between computer games and control groups as well as the training program and control group (P =0.013 and P= 0.001, respectively). However, there was no significant difference between the groups of computer games and the training program (P = 0.479). Therefore, it seems that despite some ideas that make computer games ineffective in improving motor development, its proper use is to improve the motor development of children with Down syndrome; also training program can also perform important role in improving their motor skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motor practice
  • computer game
  • motor skills
  • Down syndrome
  1. Lioyd C, Amey B, Dale A, Ulrich R, Angelo B. Relationship between early physical activity and motor milestone achievement in infants with Down syndrome. Journal Motor development.2007;14(1):31–38.

 

2.Zarezadeh M, Farokhi A, Kazemnejad, A.Determination of reliability and validity of a large motor growth test in children aged 3 to 11 years in Tehran. Journal of Olympics.2010; 4 (52): 85-98.(in Persian).

 

3.Akbari H. The Impact of Local Native Game and Development of Cognitive-Cognitive Skill Skill Boys 7 1 Year Old, Master's thesis. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University; 2006. (in Persian).

4.Sha'al S, Shaterzadeh Y, Salehi R. Investigating the effect of mental training on eye and hand coordination in healthy girls 20 25 years. journal of Rehabilitation. 2005; 7 (3):4-12. (in Persian).

5.Hadiyan M R, Abdul W, Mortazavi S, Bagheri H, Jalili M. Investigating the effect of eye and hand coordination activities on the skill of handicapped mentally retarded pupils from 7 to 10 years. Journal of Rehabilitation. 2007; 1 (2): 48-55. (in Persian).

6.Gharayi F, Constantinople, D. Impact of enrichment (perceptual-motor and musical) on the age-related equilibrium of delicate movements in children aged 5-8 months. Journal of Growth and learning of motion.2013;6 (1):75-89. (in Persian).

7.Momeni M, Sohrabi M, Taheri H R, Ghasemi  A. Effect of exercise activities on cognitive-motor skills of children with Down syndrome. Journal of Rehabilitation.2014;16 (2):168-175. (in Persian).

8.Faghihi M, Maryam, Esmaeili Z. The Effect of Computer Games on the Learning of Elementary School Students (Case Study: Elementary School of Salehin; District 14 of Tehran). World Conference on Psychology and Educational Sciences, Law and Social Sciences at the Beginning of the Third Millennium.2015. (in Persian).

 

  1. Greiremeyer T, Asswald S. Effects of prosocial behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology.2010; 98: 211-221.
  2. Sims V K, Mayer R E. Domain specificity of spatial expertise:The case of video game players. Applied Cognitive Psychology19-Goldtein. Journal of Applied research in video games.2002;16(1):97-115.
  3. Green CS, Bavelier D. Enumeration Versus multiple object tracking: the case of action video game players. Cognition.2006; 101: 217-45.

12.Delvari M. Effect of Computer Games on Perceived Skill Skill and Performance Precision, Master's Thesis. Urmia University Orumieh.2008. (in Persian).

 

  1. Rostami, H R, Javadipour H, Ghanbari S, Mandani Batul, Azizi M, Amiri R. The effect of sensory-movement games in the playing environment on the coordination of the eyes and hands of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. Bachelor of Science, Shahed University. 2012;19 (95): 45-54. (in Persian).

 

  1. 14. Goldstein J. Applied research in video games. Gaming.2006.

 

  1. Ahmadi S. The study of the social effects of computer games on male students of secondary school in Isfahan, research project. Esfahan.2002. (in Persian).

 

  1. Kashi A,Sarlak Z,Naghibi S.The effect of ksshi educational package – practice on Improving Information Processing Speed and Reducing Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Men Down Syndrome.motor behavior.2013;5(14):47-66. (in Persian).

 

17.Martinovic D, Burgess G H, Pomerleau C M, Marin C. Comparison of children’s gaming scores to NEPSY-II scores: Validation of computer games as cognitive tools. Journal of Computers in Human Behavior.2015; 49: 487-498.‏

18.Ashtari  M R, Farokhi  A, Sheikh M, Namazizadeh. M, Naghdi  N. The effect of training in water with and without Dolphin on gross motor skills of 8 years old children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Motor Behavior. 2016; 8 (23): 171-84. (In Persian).

 

  1. Straker L, Howie E, Smith A, Jensen L, Piek J, Campbell A. A crossover randomised and controlled trial of the impact of active video games on motor coordination and perceptions of physical ability in children at risk of Developmental Coordination Disorder. Journal of Human Movement Science.2015; 42:146-60.
  2. Adachi j c, willoughby T. The effect of violent video games on aggression:is it more than just the violence?. department of psychology, brock university, stcatharines, ontario, canada.2010.

 

  1. Amini H, Jaberi Moghadam A A. Effect of gymnastic exercises on neuropsychological characteristics of children with developmental coordination disorder. journal of growth and motor learning.2015; 7 (2): 217-238. (in Persian).

 

  1. Salman Z, Amini H.The Effect of Gymnastics Exercises on Executive Functions of Children with Disorders of Developmental Coordination. Journal of Psychological Applied Research.2014; 5 (2): 47-64. (in Persian).

 

  1. Andriolo R B, Dib RP, Ramos L, Atallah A N, da Silva E M. Aerobic exercise training programmes for improving physical and psychosocial health in adults with Down syndrome. Journal of Cochrane Database System Review.2010; 12 (5): 34-45.

 

  1. Ahmadzadeh Z, Abdi M, Farrokhi A. The impact of local computer and local games on the coordination of the eyes and hands of children aged 7 to 10 years. Journal of Motion behavior.2014; 14: 61-72. )in Persian(.
  2. Kohpai H. Rehabilitation of Children with Down Syndrome, A Guide to Applicants for Coaches and Mothers, Honest Book.2011.

 

  1. Kashi A, Sheikh M, Dadkhah A, Hemayattalab R, Arabameri E. The Effect of a course of the selected training program on perceptual-motor skills and physical characteristics of Down syndrome. Ph.D. thesis. Tehran: Tehran University. faculty of physical education & sport science; 2013. (in Persian).