تأثیر بازی‌های بومی محلی بر تبحر حرکتی در کودکان 10 تا 13 سالۀ تهرانی با هوش هیجانی بالا و پایین

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری یادگیری حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 استادیار رشد حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 استاد رفتار حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه تبریز

4 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

در این مقاله تأثیر بازی‌های بومی محلی بر تبحر حرکتی در کودکان 10 تا 13 سالة تهرانی با هوش هیجانی بالا و پایین بررسی‌ شده است. تعداد 30 کودک با میانگین سنی 04/1 ± 46/11 سال از بین مدارس منطقة هفت تهران به روش هدفمند و براساس نمرة کلی هوش هیجانی حاصل از پرسشنامة هوش هیجانی شوت و همکاران (1998) انتخاب شدند. شرکت‌کنندگان به دو گروه 15 نفرة با هوش هیجانی بالا و پایین تقسیم شدند؛ به‌طوری‌که تفاوت معنا‌داری در تبحر حرکتی بین دو گروه وجود نداشت. برای سنجش تبحر حرکتی از آزمون برونینکس-اوزرتسکی دو استفاده شد. مداخلات تمرینی به‌مدت هشت هفته در یک سالن ورزشی به‌طور یکسان برای دو گروه انجام شد. این تمرینات در هر هفته سه جلسه و هر جلسه 90 دقیقه بود که 20 دقیقة ابتدایی به گرم‌کردن، 15 دقیقة پایانی به سردکردن و 55 دقیقة باقی‌مانده مداخلات بازی‌محور بود.نتایج حاصل از آزمون تی مستقل نشان داد که بین دو گروه بعد از مداخله تفاوت معنا‌دار وجود داشت (001/0=P). همچنین کودکان با هوش هیجانی بالا تبحر حرکتی بیشتری داشتند (001/0=P)؛ازاین‌رو براساس مزیت بازی‌های حرکتی انتخاب‌شده، به‌کارگیری این روش تمرینی در مدارس می‌تواند کمک‌کننده باشد. همچنین مربیان ورزشی می‌توانند هوش هیجانی را به‌عنوان یک متغیر مؤثر در رسیدن کودکان به سطوح بالای عملکرد ورزشی درنظر بگیرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Local Indigenous Games on Motor Proficiency in Elemental Boys in Tehran with High and Low Emotional Intelligence

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behzad Mohammadi Oranghi 1
  • Farhad Ghadiri 2
  • mohammadtaghi aghdasi 3
  • Rasoul Yaali 4
1 Ph.D. student of motor learning, University of Kharazmi, Department of Motor Behavior, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, University of Kharazmi
3 Professor of Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, Tabriz University
4 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, University of Kharazmi.
چکیده [English]

In this paper, the local indigenous games have been studied on motor proficiency of 10-13-year-old boys with high and low emotional intelligence. A total of 30 children with a mean age of (11.46 ± 1.04) were selected from the schools of District 7 of Tehran via purposeful method, and based on the general score of emotional intelligence from Shoot et al. The participants were divided into two groups of 15 people with high and low emotional intelligence, and there was no significant difference in motor proficiency between the two groups. To assess emotional intelligence, the Shoot et al. questionnaire and for motor proficiency Bruninx-Oseretsky test were used. Exercise interventions were performed for 8 weeks in a gym in the same way for both groups. These exercises were three sessions per week with each session lasting 90 minutes, consisting of 20 minutes of warm-up, 15 minutes to cool down at the end, and the remaining 55 minutes in between for game interventions. The results of independent t-test revealed a significant difference between the two groups after the intervention (p=0.001). Specifically, the children with a high emotional intelligence had greater Motor Proficiency (p=0.001). Hence, based on the advantage of the chosen motor games, use of this practice in schools can be helpful. Also, sports educators can consider emotional intelligence as an effective variable in supporting children towards high levels of athletic performance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Local Indigenous Games
  • Motor Proficiency
  • Boys
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