مقایسه مهارت های حرکتی جابجایی دانش آموزان 7 تا 9 سال با تاکید بر موقعیت جغرافیایی و جنسیت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی

2 دانشجو

چکیده

با اینکه رشد حرکتی تحت تاثیر نمو و بالیدگی قرار می‌گیرد، اما شرایط محیطی بر آن تاثیر می‌گذارد. هدف از این پژوهش مقایسه مهارت-های حرکتی جابجایی دانش آموزان 7 تا 9 سال با توجه به موقعیت جغرافیایی و جنسیت بود. جامعه آماری شامل دانش آموزان مراکز استانهای تهران، لرستان، خوزستان و کردستان بود که تعداد 240 نفر (120 دختر، 120 پسر) بعنوان نمونه در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. جهت سنجش مهارت‌های ‌حرکتی جابجایی از آزمون رشدحرکتی اولریخ (2015)، و جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده ها از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 22 استفاده گردید. نتایج حاصل از آزمون تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیره نشان داد اثر اصلی شهر و تعامل شهر و جنسیت در مهارت‌های جابجایی معنادار است (001/0 = P). در مهارت یورتمه دانش آموزان پسر در شهر سنندج امتیاز بیشتری نسبت به دانش آموزان دختر به دست آوردند (001/0 = P). در لی‌لی دانش آموزان پسر در شهر تهران (001/0 = P ) و اهواز (001/0 = P ) عملکرد بهتری داشتند، در مولفه سرخوردن دانش آموزان پسر در شهر اهواز امتیاز بیشتری نسبت به دانش آموزان دختر کسب کردند (001/0 = P). همچنین در نمره کل جابجایی امتیاز دانش آموزان شهر خرم آباد به طور معناداری بیشتر از دانش آموزان اهواز (001/0 = P) بود و دانش آموزان سنندج امتیاز بیشتری نسبت به دانش آموزان خرم آباد و تهران به دست آوردند (001/0 = P) اما تفاوت معناداری بین سایر شهرها مشاهده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of loco Motor Skills of children aged 7 to 9 years with emphasis on geographical location and gender Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • farshid tahmasbi 1
  • farzaneh hatami 1
  • majid mohammdi 2
1 Rajae University
2 PhD student
چکیده [English]

Although motor development is influenced by development and maturity, environmental conditions affect it. The purpose of this study was to compare the loco Motor Skills of children aged 7 to 9 years with emphasis on geographical location and gender Factors. The statistical population consisted of children from the centers of Tehran, Lorestan, Khuzestan and Kurdistan provinces with a sample size of 240 (120 girls, 120 boys). Ulrich motor development Test (2015) was used to measure loco motor skills, and multivariate analysis of variance was used to analyze the data using SPSS 22 software.The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that the main effect of city and the interaction of city and gender were significant in displacement skills (P = 0.001). In boys galloping skills in Sanandaj City, they gained more points than girl children (P = 0.001). In hopping, male children performed better in Tehran (P = 0.001, F-19/01) and Ahvaz city (P = 0.001), In the slaiding component of male children in Ahvaz city they received more points than female children (P = 0.001). Also in the total score of displacement Khoramabad city children score was significantly higher than Ahvaz children (P = 0.001) and children of Sanandaj City gained more points than Khoramabad and tahran children (P = 0.001). No significant differences were found between the other citys. According to the findings, it seems that geographical location has different effects on the development of movement patterns of boys and girls.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "gender
  • "loco motor skills
  • " geographical location "
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