The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of cognitive exercises on the performance accuracy of elite pistol shooting practitioners. The present study is a quasi-experimental research, a pre-test-post-test research design with two groups (cognitive practice and control). The number of research samples was 40 people who were selected according to the opinion of a professional shooting instructor. The task of the participants is to shoot with a pistol from a distance of 10 meters. The instruments used in the study included Stroop task, selective reaction time, Fitz law, Ericsson flank task, go/no-go task, course black task, McWorth clock task, visual search task, Simon task, and Cueing/ Ponser task. Subjects first performed 60 attempts in the pretest. The experimental group completed their cognitive exercises for 6 weeks, three times a week for 40 minutes. The control group also performed their normal daily exercises. After completing the interventions, post-test and two-month follow-up test were performed in 60 attempts. The results of this study showed that the cognitive training group showed higher scores than the control group in both the post-test and follow-up tests. According to the research results, cognitive exercises in sports and even military environments, especially homework and sports in which cognitive functions are involved, can be used to improve the quantity and quality of shooting and other similar functions.