Document Type : Research Paper


1 Motor Behavior,Tabriz university, Tabriz, iran

2 Motor Behavior. Tabriz. university. Tabriz. iran


The purpose of this research was to investigate self-control approaches in motivation and learning with a focus on goal setting in sports. The current research was a type of semi-experimental research with an applied purpose, which was conducted in the field. The statistical population of this research was the boys of Hashtroud city, fifty people with the age range of 18 to 28 years who did not participate in football training in an organized way were selected purposefully. First, a pre-test was taken from the participants, and then they participated in a semi-experimental design and systematically in one of the five goal-setting groups: self-control performance, self-control outcome, coach control performance, coach control outcome, and control group. Data were analyzed at a significance level of 0.05 using SPSS software. The results of composite variance analysis showed that the performance and motivation of the groups improved in the acquisition test, but there was no significant difference between them. Also, one-way analysis of variance showed that there is a difference between the groups in both retention and transfer stages, and Tukey's post hoc test showed that the goal setting intervention groups had better performance and higher motivation scores than the control group and their difference is significant. Regardless of its type, goal setting has a facilitating effect on motivation and, as a result, performance by increasing effort, motivation, and guiding people. The practical requirements of the present research have been discussed for the use of coaches and sports psychologists.


Main Subjects