مقایسة تأثیر تمرینات ادراکی-حرکتی و تمرینات مقاومتی-تعادلی بر اختلالات رفتاری کودکان دچار نقص‌توجه-بیش‌فعالی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی‌ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد ساری، ایران

2 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، گروه تربیت‌بدنی، واحد گنبد کاووس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، گنبد کاووس، ایران

چکیده

برنامه­های حرکتی طراحی‌شده برای کودکان دچار بیش­فعالی، به بهبود قابل‌مشاهده در مشکلات رفتاری آن‌ها منجر می­شود؛ بنابراین، این پژوهش با هدف مقایسة تأثیر تمرینات ادراکی-حرکتی و تمرینات مقاومتی-تعادلی بر اختلالات رفتاری کودکان دچار نقص­توجه-بیش­فعالی انجام شد. در پژوهش حاضر از روش پژوهش نیمه­آزمایشی با طرح دو گروهی با گروه کنترل استفاده شد. 36 کودک پسر پنج تا 12 ساله (18 کودک پیش­دبستانی و 18 کودک دبستانی)­ ­با اختلال نقص­توجه-بیش­فعالی که به کلینیک توان‌بخشی ذهن‌آرا در شهر تهران مراجعه کرده بودند، به‌صورت تصادفی ساده در دو گروه آزمایشی (تمرینات ادراکی-حرکتی) و (تمرینات مقاومتی-تعادلی) و گروه کنترل جایگزین شدند. برای غربالگری و جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسش‌نامه کانرز والدین (1998) و سیاهة رفتاری کودکان (CBCL) (2001) استفاده شد و نتایج با روش تحلیل کوواریانس و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که تأثیر تمرینات ادراکیحرکتی و مقاومتی-تعادلی بر کاهش اختلالات رفتاری کودکان دچار نقص توجه-بیش­فعالی معنادار بود (0.001> P)، اما براساس نتایج آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی، بین دو گروه آزمایشی در کاهش اختلالات رفتاری تفاوت معنادار وجود نداشت ( 0.005<P). براساس نتایج پژوهش می­توان گفت که فعالیت­های حرکتی با تأکید بر تمرینات ادراکی-حرکتی و مقاومتی-تعادلی می­توانند باعث کاهش اختلالات رفتاری کودکان دچار نقص­توجه- بیش­فعالی شوند و استفاده از این برنامه­ها در درمان این کودکان پیشنهاد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of The Effect of Perceptual-Motor and Resistance-Balancing Practices on Behavioral Disorders in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohreh Fazelinia 1
  • Amir Dana 2
1 M.Sc. of Sport Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Department of Physical Education, Gonbad Kavoos Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gonbad Kavoos, Iran
چکیده [English]

Designed motoring programs for hyperactivity-induced children can lead to visible improvement in their behavioral problems. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effect of perceptual-motor exercises and resistance-balance exercises on behavioral disorders in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In the current research, a semi-experimental design with two groups design with control group was used. A total of 36 boy children aged 12 to 5 years (18 preschoolers and 18 primary school children) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who visited the Zehnara rehabilitation clinic in Tehran, randomly assigned to two experimental groups (perceptual-motor exercises) and (resistance-balance exercises) and control group. For data screening and collection, Conners Parents Rating Questionnaire and Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) were used and the results were analyzed using covariance analysis and Ben-fronni post hoc test. The results showed that the effect of perceptual-motor and resistance-balance exercises on reducing behavioral disorders in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder was significant (P <0.001).However, the results of Ben-fronni post hoc test showed that there was no significant difference between two experimental groups in reducing behavioral disorders (P <0.005). According to research results it can be said that motor activity with emphasis on perceptual-motor and resistance-balance exercises can reduce the behavioral disorders of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and use of these programs in the treatment of these children is suggested.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Perceptual-Motor
  • Resistance-Balancing
  • Behavioral Disorder
  • Hyperactivity
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