اعتباریابی نسخة فارسی پرسش‌نامة «تمرین ذهنی در ورزش»

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رفتارحرکتی، دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشجوی مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه

3 استادیار رفتارحرکتی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین روایی و پایایی نسخة فارسی پرسش‌نامة «تمرین ذهنی در ورزش» انجام شد. روش پژوهش، کاربردی و مبتنی‌بر توسعة ابزار بود که به‌لحاظ نحوة گردآوری اطلاعات، میدانی بود. 242 ورزشکار رشته­های ورزشی متفاوت پرسش‌نامة بنکی و همکاران (2017) را تکمیل کردند. از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی مبتنی‌بر مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری برای تعیین روایی سازه استفاده شد و همسانی درونی و پایایی زمانی پرسش‌نامه با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ ارزیابی شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد که ساختار سه‌عاملی مهارت­های ذهنی (مهارت­های بنیادی، عملکردی و بین‌‌فردی) و ساختار دوعاملی تکنیک­های ذهنی (تصویرسازی­ذهنی و خودگفتاری) از برازش خوبی برخوردار بودند.ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای کل پرسش‌نامه و مؤلفه­های پنج­گانه بیشتر از 7/0 به‌دست آمد که نشان‌دهندة همسانی درونی پرسش‌نامه است؛ بنابراین، می­توان از پرسش‌نامة «تمرین ذهنی در ورزش» برای اندازه­گیری تمرین ذهنی در ورزشکاران ایرانی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Validation of the Persian Version of the Mental Training Questionnaire in Sport

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sohila Shahbazi 1
  • Farhad Nazari 2
  • Jalal Dehghanizade 3
1 Ph.D. Student in Motor Behavior, Urmia University, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student in Sport Management, Urmia University, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Urmia University. Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the mental training questionnaire in sport. The research method is applied and development tools which the method of data collection was field research. For this purpose, 242 athletes of various sports have completed the questionnaire of Behnke et al (2017). Confirmatory factor analysis based on structural equation modeling was used to determine the structural validity, and the internal consistency and concurrent reliability of the questionnaire were assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The results showed that the three-factor structure of mental skills (fundamental, performance and interpersonal skills) and the two-factor structure of mental techniques (mental imagery and self-talk) have a good fit. Cronbach's alpha coefficient was more than 0.7 for the whole questionnaire and five components, which shows the internal consistency of the questionnaire. Thus, can be used from mental training questionnaire in sport for evaluating mental training in Iranian athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Structural Validity
  • Reliability
  • Mental training
  • Questionnaire
  • Sport
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