نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی

2 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد خدابنده، خدابنده، ایران

چکیده

هدف از اجرای این تحقیق تدوین بسته تمرینی جسمانی حرکتی مختص افراد با اختلال طیف اتیسم و بررسی تاثیر این بسته بر ویژگی های اتیستیک این افراد بود. در این تحقیق تجربی، در ابتدا بسته آموزشی تمرینی ویژه افراد با اختلال طیف اوتیسم تدوین شد. سپس برای ارزیابی اثر بخشی آن 28 دانش آموز پسر دارای این اختلال در دامنه سنی 8-20 سال به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه تجربی (14 نفر) و کنترل (14 نفر) تقسیم و گروه تجربی تحقیق 12 هفته و هر هفته 2 جلسه برنامه تمرینی مشخص شده در بسته آموزشی تمرینی را اجرا نموده و از هر دو گروه قبل و بعد از اجرای برنامه تمرینی علائم و ویژگی های رفتاری و شخصیتی اتیسم با استفاده از پرسشنامه سنجش ضریب اتیسم یا AQ سنجیده شد. نتایج این تحقیق با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کواریانس تحلیل شد و پس از مشخص شدن نقاط ضعف برنامه تمرینی، پکیج تمرینی اصلاح و نسخه نهایی جهت ارائه به جامعه تدوین شد.
نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد این تمرینات نتوانسته است تاثیر معناداری بر وزن و شاخص توده بدنی بگذارد. ولی ضریب اتیسم به شکل معناداری در اعضاء گروه تجربی تحقیق کاهش داشت (P=0.001).
این نتایج نشان داد در صورت ارائه برنامه تمرینی تدوین شده در این تحقیق و با رعایت اصول و مبانی ارائه شده در این بسته آموزشی تمرینی می توان تغییرات معناداری در کاهش علائم اتیسم (بهبود مهارت های اجتماعی و ارتباطات) افراد با این طیف را شاهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Edition of special educational, training package for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and evaluation the effect of this package on Autistic traits

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Kashi 1
  • Zahra Sarlak 2

1 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Learning and Control, Sport Science Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Khodabandeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khodabandeh, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to develop a educational, training package for people with autism spectrum disorder and to investigate the effect of this package on some of Autistic traits these people. In this experimental study, the researcher at first developed a special training package for people with autism spectrum disorder, then, randomly divided 28 male students with this disorder in the age range of 8-20 years into two experimental (14 students) and control (14 student) groups. The experimental group performed 24 sessions 2-3 time per week of the training program of educational, training package and both groups were pre- and post-test before and after the implementation of the training program by Autism Spectrum Quotient questionnaire (AQ). The results of this study were analyzed using covariance analysis test. After analyzing the results, the strengths and weaknesses of the designed educational, training package were identified, this package was modified and the final version was presented to the community for presentation.
The results of this study showed that the designed educational, training package was not able to significantly change the weight and body mass index of these peoples (P> 0.05).
These results showed that if the educational, training package is presented in the form presented in this research and according to the principles and foundations presented in this training package, it can reduce the symptoms of autism (improving social skills and people's relationships).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Educational
  • training package
  • sport rehabilitation
  • autistic traits
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