نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، گروه علوم ورزشی

2 استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، گروه علوم ورزشی

3 گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه اردکان یزد،

4 دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، گروه علوم ورزشی

5 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، گروه علوم ورزشی

چکیده

تحقیقات زیادی تأثیر فعالیت بدنی مختلف را بر تعادل سالمندان بررسی کرده‌اند. هدف اصلی از پژوهش حاضر ، بررسی تأثیر تمرینات مختلف بر تعادل سالمندان به صورت یک مرور نظام‌مند و فراتحلیل بر مطالعات داخل ایران بود. برای انجام پژوهش حاضر، پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی SID, ISC، Magiran و Google Scholar از سال‌های ۱۳۸۰ تا ۱۳۹9، همراه با کلمات کلیدی جستجو شد. بعد از غربالگری اولیه، متن کامل مقالات ارزیابی گردید و مقالاتی که معیار ورود به پژوهش داشتند آنالیز شدند. تعداد 191 مقاله مورد بررسی اولیه قرار گرفتند و از این میان ۱۷ مقاله معیار برای تعادل عملکردی، ۳۳ مقاله معیار ورود برای تعادل پویا و ۱۱ مقاله معیار ورود برای تعادل ایستا ورود به مرور سیستماتیک و فراتحلیل را کسب کردند. بر این اساس ۲۴۷۲ نفر فرد سالمند که به دو گروه کنترل و گروه تجربی به ترتیب تعداد ۱۲۲۴ و ۱۲۳۶ نفر تقسیم می‌شدند که ۱۲۱۷ (زن) و ۱۱۷۱ (مرد) بودند. میانگین سنی آزمودنی‌ها در پژوهش حاضر ۶۶ سال بود. نتایج متاآنالیز نشان داد که تمرینات مختلف ورزشی موجب بهبود تعادل عملکردی، تعادل پویا و تعادل ایستا در سالمندان می‌گردند. نتایج متاآنالیز نشان داد، تمرینات مختلف، اثر بالا و معنی‌داری بر تعادل عملکردی (0=ES، 46/45=z، 001/0=p) و زمان برخاستن و رفتن (0=ES، 96/11=z، 001/0=p) و اثر معنی‌داری بر تعادل ایستا (0=ES، 77/6=z، 001/0=p) داشتند. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد که تمرینات مختلف ورزشی، در بهبود تعادل عملکردی، پویا و ایستا در سالمندان تأثیرگذار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of different exercise interventions on mobility and dynamic balance performance among Iranian older male and female, systematic review, and meta-analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohamad faramarzi 1
  • mehdi ghafari 2
  • zahra hemati farsani 3
  • laleh bagheri 4
  • Ebrahim Banitalebi 5
  • mostafa rahimi 2

1 of Exercise Physiology, Shahrekord University, Department of Sports Science

2 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Shahrekord University, Department of Sports Science

3 3Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ardakan University, Ardakan, Iran

4 PhD in Exercise Physiology, Shahrekord University, Department of Sports Science

5 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Shahrekord University, Department of Sports Science

چکیده [English]

Excessive research has examined various physical activities to replace the elderly.The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different exercises on the balance of the elderly as a systematic and meta-analysis of studies in Iran. For the present study, SID, Magiran and Google Scholar databases from 2001 to 2019 were searched along with keywords. After the initial screening, the full text of the articles was evaluated and the articles that met the inclusion criteria were analyzed. A total of 191 articles were initially reviewed, of which 17 articles met the criteria for functional equilibrium, 33 articles received the inclusion criteria for dynamic balance, and 11 articles received the inclusion criteria for static balance. Accordingly, 2472 elderly people who were divided into two groups of control and experimental groups of 1224 and 1236, respectively, were 1217 (female) and 1171 (male). The mean age of the subjects in the present study was 66 years. The results of meta-analysis showed that differentexercises improve functional balance, dynamic balance, and static balance in the elderly. The results of meta-analysis Showed that different exercises, high and significant effect on functional balance (ES = 0: z = 15.46 p = 0.001) and take-off and departure time (ES = 0: z = 11.96 p = 0.001) and a significant effect on static equilibrium (ES = 0: z = 6.77 p = 0.001). The results of this study showed that various sports exercises are effective in improving functional, dynamic, and static balance in the elderly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aging
  • Exercise
  • Functional Balance
  • Static Balance
  • Dynamic Balance
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