نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه مرمت، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران، ایران

3 گروه معماری منظر، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی تولیدات علمی در زمینه فعالیت جسمانی دانش‌آموزان در مدارس ابتدایی، با بهرهگیری از روش علم‌سنجی، توصیفی و تکنیک هم‌رخدادی واژگان‌کلیدی، به بررسی منابع پایگاه‌های اطلاعاتی اسکوپوس و پاب‌مد، با استفاده از نرمافزارهای «وی.او.اس.ویوئر» و «اس.پی.اس.اس» پرداخته است. یافته‌های حاصل، درمجموع 10 خوشه را در این زمینه شناسایی نمود که واژگان «چاقی»، «ارتقاء‌سلامت» و «مداخله» بیش‌ترین رخداد و حوزههای «تغذیه و بهداشت»، «تربیتبدنی» و «پزشکی» در دسته فراوانترین و «معماری و عوامل کالبدی» در زمره حوزه‌هایی بود که کمتر به آن پرداخته شده بود. رشد تولیدات علمی سیر صعودی را نشان می‌داد که این روند از سال 2011 به بعد شتاب بیشتری به خود گرفته است. سهم کشورهای آمریکا، استرالیا و کانادا در تعداد انتشار، بیش‌ترین بود. تحلیل تولیدات علمی ایران بیانگر بالاترین میزان همکاری با کشورهای مالزی، آمریکا و نیوزلند بود که 15/46% این پژوهش‌ها بر روی حوزه پزشکی، 07/23% تغذیه، 38/15% توان‌بخشی و 69/7% بر روی حوزه رفتاری و ارگونومی تمرکز کرده بودند. همچنین اکثر این مطالعات به مدارس ابتدایی شهر تهران پرداخته بودند که سازمان منتشرکننده بیش‌تر از 85% این مطالعات، از میان دانشکده‌های علوم‌پزشکی و تنها 15% تولیدات، دستاورد دانشکده‌های معماری و مدیریت بودند. یافته‌های این پژوهش علاوه‌ بر تأکید بر لزوم توجه به جایگاه رفتار حرکتی در ایران با توجه به روند پایین انتشار، به پژوهشگران آتی کمک می‌نماید تا با شناخت هرچه بیش‌تر از خلأ‌های پیش‌رو همچون کمبود تولیدات علمی در حوزه‌های غیرپزشکی، با صرفه‌جویی در زمان با نپرداختن به موضوع‌های تکراری، همسو با پرکردن این شکاف‌های تحقیقاتی گام بردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Mapping of Co-occurrence of Scientific Products in the Field of Children's Physical Activity in the Open Space of Primary Schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Ebrahimzadeh 1
  • Fatemeh Mehdizadeh saradj 2
  • Saeid Norouzian-Maleki 3
  • Saeid Piri 1

1 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Restoration, Faculty of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the scientific products in the field of physical activity of students in primary schools, using scientometrics and descriptive method and co-occurrence of keywords technique, Scopus and Pubmed databases were examined using VOSViewer and SPSS software. The findings identified 10 clusters in which the terms "obesity", "health promotion", "intervention" and "nutrition and health", "physical education" and "medical" in the most common category and "architecture and physical factors" it was one of the lesser-known areas. The growth of scientific production showed an upward trend that has accelerated since 2011. The share of the United States, Australia and Canada in the number of releases was the highest. Analysis of Iranian scientific products showed the highest level of cooperation with Malaysia, USA and New Zealand that 46.15% of the researches were focused on the medical, 23.07% nutrition, 15.38% rehabilitation and 7.69% on the field of behavioral and ergonomics.Most of these studies were conducted in primary schools in Tehran. More than 85% of these studies among the faculties of medical sciences and only 15% of the productions were the achievements of the faculties of architecture and management. Findings of this research, in addition to emphasizing the need to pay attention to the position of motor behavior in Iran due to the low trend of publication, will help future researchers to identify more of the leading gaps such as lack in non-medical fields, saving time by not dealing with repetitive topics, take steps to fill these gaps.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical Activity
  • Scientometrics
  • Children
  • Primary schools
  • Co-occurrence keywords
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