تأثیر تمرینات حسی ـ حرکتی دلاکاتو بر بهبود نارسانویسی دختران نه تا 11 سال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه‌ علامه‌طباطبایی تهران

2 دانشیار رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

 هدف از ‌پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر تمرینات حسی ـ حرکتی بر بهبود نارسانویسی کودکان می­باشد. ‌جهت انجام پژوهش، از بین 218 دانش‌آموز دختر نه تا 11 سال، تعداد 40 نفر که توسط ارزش‌گذاری سه داور آگاه به اصول نگارش خط فارسی، کم‌ترین امتیاز را در آزمونتشخیص نارسا‌نویسی کسب نمودند، انتخاب شدند و به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش قرار گرفتند.گروه آزمایش، تمرینات حسی ـ حرکتی را به‌مدت چهار ماه (دو جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه 45 دقیقه) اجرا نمود، اما گروه کنترل تمرین خاصی را در این مدت انجام نداد. پس از پایان مداخله،آزمون تشخیص نارسا‌نویسی مجدداً برای هر دو گروه اجرا گردید. تجزیه‌و‌تحلیل داده‌ها نیز به‌وسیلۀ تحلیل واریانس مختلط دو عاملی و آزمون تی هم‌بسته صورت پذیرفت. نتایج ‌نشان می‌دهد که پس از مداخله، نارسانویسی شرکت‌کنندگان گروه تجربی‌ به‌طور معناداری (003.0=P) بهبود یافته است؛ بنابراین، می‌توان گفت مداخلۀ تمرینات حسی ـ حرکتی، روش مؤثری در رفع بد‌خطی می‌باشد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Delacato Sensorimotor Training on Dysgraphia of 9 to 11-year-old Female Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marziyeh Amirkhani 1
  • Ahmadreza Movahedi 2
1 Msc. of Motor Behavior, Allameh Tabatabai University
2 Associate Professor of Motor Behavior, University of Isfahan
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sensorimotor training on dysgraphia of 9- to 11-year-old female students. Three qualified handwriting specialists examined 218 students' handwriting, and 40 students who were considered to have Persian script bad handwriting were selected. The participants were divided into two experimental and control groups. Experimental group was assigned to perform sensorimotor exercises for four months (two sessions per week, each session lasting 45 minutes). The control group did not receive any training. Following the intervention, posttest was administered. The results were analyzed by two-factor mixed model analysis of variance and a paired-samples t test with a significance level of 0.05. Results showed that, after 16 weeks of intervention, the experimental group’s handwriting scores improved significantly. It was concluded that sensorimotor training is an effective method in treating dysgraphia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dysgraphia
  • Sensorimotor Exercises
  • Elementary Students
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