مقایسۀ آموزش راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیم بر یادگیری مهارت سرویس والیبال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه الزهرا

2 استادیار روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه یزد

3 کارشناس‌ارشد رفتار حرکتی ـ آموزش تربیت‌بدنی، دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسۀ آموزش راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیم در مراحل مختلف خودتنظیم (شامل: مراحل دوراندیشی، ‌‌عملکرد و خوداندیشی) بر مراحل اکتساب، یادداری و انتقال مهارت سرویس والیبال بود. آزمودنی‌ها 55 دانشجوی دختر دانشگاه یزد (با میانگین سنی 03/1±20 سال) بودند که به‌صورت تصادفی به پنج گروه (سه گروه راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیم و دو گروه کنترل بدون تمرین و با‌ تمرین) تقسیم شدند و سرویس والیبال را اجرا کردند. آزمودنی‌ها پس از شرکت در پیش‌آزمون در مرحلۀ اکتساب، 12 بلوک 10 کوششی را تمرین نمودند. سپس، در آزمون اکتساب (با همان شرایط پیش‌آزمون) شرکت کردند. درادامه، (پس از یک هفته) یک بلوک 10 کوششی را در آزمون یادداری و انتقال تمرین نمودند. داده‌ها در مرحلۀ اکتساب با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه با اندازه‌گیری مکرر در یک طرح (6*4) تحلیل گردید و برای بررسی داده‌های حاصل از آزمون‌های اکتساب، یادداری و انتقال از تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه و همچنین، به‌منظور شناسایی تفاوت‌ها از آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی استفاده گردید. نتایج تفاوت معناداری را در گروه‌های تمرینی که از راهبردهای خودتنظیمی بهره گرفتند نسبت به سایر گروه‌هادر مراحل اکتساب، آزمون‌های اکتساب، یادداری و انتقال نشان می‌دهد؛ به‌عبارت‌دیگر، گروه‌های راهبردهای خودتنظیم که از مرحلۀ خودارزیابی و خودواکنشی بهره برده‌اند، عملکرد بهتری داشته‌اند. این یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که راهبردهای یادگیری خودتنظیم، عامل مؤثری در پیشرفت عملکرد و یادگیری مهارت‌های حرکتی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies on the Learning of Volleyball Service

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roza Rahavi Ezabadi 1
  • hamidreza fallah Yakhdani 2
  • Parisa Moshiri 3
1 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Alzahra University
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Yazd University
3 M.Sc. of Motor Behavior- Learning Physical Education, Yazd University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of present study was to determine effect of self-regulation learning strategies in various phases of self-regulation including forethoughtful, performance and self-reflection phases, on the acquisition, retention and transfer of volleyball service. The subjects were consist of 55 female students of Yazd university with average age of 20 ± 1.03 years. They were randomly diveded into 5 groups, which three of them were self-regulation learning strategies groups and two of them were practice-only and no-practice control groups and performed volleyball service. After the pre-test, subjects were practiced 12 blocks of 10 trials in acquisition phase. Then, they took part in the post test with the same pre-test condition. After a week, they participated in retention and transfer tests and subjects were practiced 1 block of 10 trials. The data were analyzed by one way ANOVA with reapeted measure on a plot (4*6) in acquisition phase .In acqusition, retention and transfer tests the data were analyzed by one way ANOVA, Bonferroni post hoc test. The results showed that there is a significant difference between the self-regulation strategies practice groups and various groups in the acquisition phase, acquisition, retention and transfer tests. In other words, the self-regulation strategies groups that were used from the self- assessment and self-reaction phases, they had better performance in comparison to others. These findings suggested that self-regulation learning strategies are the effective factors in the enhancement of performance and learning movement skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acquisition
  • Retention
  • Self-Regulation Strategies
  • Transfer
  • Volleyball Service
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