تأثیر بازی لیوان‌چینی بر مهارت‌های ادراکی ـ حرکتی کودکان دبستانی هشت تا نه سال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران

2 استادیار رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر بازی لیوان‌چینی بر مهارت‌های ادراکی ـ حرکتی کودکان دبستانی 9ـ8 ساله بود. بدین‌منظور، 34 پسر (با میانگین سنی 4/0±8/8 سال) به‌صورت دردسترس انتخاب شدند و پس از اجرای پیش‌آزمون با استفاده از تست "پوردو پگبورد" و دستگاه زمان‌سنج واکنش، به‌صورت تصادفی در دو گروه کنترل و آزمایش قرار گرفتند. درادامه، پیش‌آزمون از هر دو گروه به‌عمل آمد. مداخلات تمرینی در این پژوهش، تمرینات بازی لیوان‌چینی بود که طی 16 جلسۀ تمرینی به‌مدت چهار هفته و به‌صورت چهار جلسۀ 45 دقیقه‌ای اجرا گردید. از آزمون کلموگروف ـ اسمیرونوف جهت بررسی نرمال‌بودن توزیع داده‌ها استفاده شد و آزمون تحلیل کووریانس به‌منظور بررسی اثر تمرین به‌کار رفت. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که یک دوره تمرینات بازی لیوان‌چینی، تأثیر معناداری بر افزایش هماهنگی چشم ـ دست کودکان داشته است (0.05>P)؛ اما تأثیر آن بر بهبود زمان واکنش معنادار نمی‌باشد (0.05<P). با توجه به نتایج می‌توان از تمرینات بازی لیوان‌چینی به‌منظور ارتقای هماهنگی چشم ـ دست کودکان دبستانی در برنامه‌های ورزشی و برنامه‌های روزانۀ آموزش‌و‌پرورش، مراکز آموزشی و توانبخشی کودکان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Sport Stacking on Perceptual-Motor Skills in 8-9 Year's Children of Elementary School

نویسندگان [English]

  • Moein Najmzadeh Baghdadi 1
  • Zahra Pooraghaei Ardakani 2
1 M. Sc. Student of Motor Behavior, Allameh Tabataba'i University
2 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Allameh Tabataba'i University
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Sport Stacking on perceptual-motor skills in children 8-9 year's elementary school. For this, 34 boys (8.8±0.4) years were selected using convenience sampling. After taking a pre-test by Purdue Peg board and reactions time test, based on scores, subjects were divided in two groups, control and experimental. Interventions consist of sport stacking games training. Sport stacking training was performed in 4 weeks, 45 min sessions, 4 times per week. For data analyzing, Kolmogorove-Smirnov test for normality were used. Also for hypothesis testing the Analysis of Covariate (ANCOVA) were used. The results of analyses of covariate showed the significant effect of sport stacking training on eye hand coordination (P<0.05), but had no significant effect on improving reaction time (P>0.05). According to this study, sport stacking can be used to promote eye-hand coordination of elementary school children, in physical education programs and kindergartens program and rehabilitation centers for children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sport Stacking
  • Eye Hand Coordination
  • Reaction Time
  • Perceptual Motor Skills
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