تفاوت‌های مرتبط با تغییرات درون‌عملکردی در چشم ساکن تیراندازان با تپانچة ماهر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی‌ارشد یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، ایران

2 دانشیار یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، ایران

3 دانشیار روانشناسی ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، ایران

4 دکتری رفتار حرکتی یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسة چشم ساکن تیراندازان با تپانچة ماهر در کوشش­های موفق و ناموفق انجام شد. در این مطالعة پس‌رویدادی، 20 مرد ماهر تیرانداز با تپانچه با دامنة سنی 20 تا 30 سال برای شرکت در مطالعه انتخاب شدند. پس از پنج کوشش آشنایی، شرکت­کنندگان به اجرای 20 کوشش شلیک تپانچه از فاصلة مدنظر به هدف، مطابق با استاندارهای موجود پرداختند. امتیاز 10 به‌عنوان کوشش موفق و امتیازهای پایین ­تر از 10 به‌عنوان کوشش ناموفق در نظر گرفته شد. داده­ ها با استفاده از آزمون تی وابسته و ضریب همبستگی پیرسون تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که بین دورة چشم ساکن کوشش‌های موفق و کوشش ­های ناموفق تفاوت معنا­دار وجود داشت و در کوشش ­های موفق، شرکت‌کنندگان طول دورة چشم ساکن بیشتری داشتند. همچنین بین طول دورة چشم ساکن با اجرای مهارت تیراندازی در تیراندازان ماهر ارتباط مثبت معنادار وجود داشت. به‌طورکلی نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که چشم ساکن غالباً با تغییرپذیری مهارت حرکتی بین‌فردی (نخبه در مقابل مبتدی) و درون‌عملکردی (کوشش موفق در برابر ناموفق) مرتبط است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Intra-Performance Related Differences in Quiet Eye of Elite Pistol Shooters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Shahavand 1
  • Daryoush Khajavi 2
  • Alireza Bahrami 3
  • Ahmad Ghotbi Varzaneh 4
1 M.Sc. of Learning and Motor Control, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Learning and Motor Control, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Sports Psychology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Iran
4 Ph.D. in Motor Learning Behavior and Motor Control, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of current study was to comparison of quiet eye of elite pistol shooters in successful and unsuccessful trials. In post event study, 20 elite male pistol shooters selected for this study with age range 20-30 years old. After five trials familiarization, participants performed 20 trials to target with available standard. Scores of ten were considered successful, and scores of less than ten were considered unsuccessful. Data were analyzed using dependent t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results indicated that there was significant difference between quiet eye period in successful and unsuccessful trials (sig=0.01), and participants had higher quiet eye in successful trials than unsuccessful trials. Also, there was significant positive correlation between quiet eye and performance. Overall, the results of current study indicated that quiet eye related with inter- individual motor skill variability (elite vs. novice) and intra- performance (successful and unsuccessful trials).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • successful trials
  • unsuccessful trials
  • quiet eye
  • motor expertise
  • pistol shooters
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