نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی, گروه رفتارحرکتی , دانشکده علوم وزشی, دانشگاه تبریز, تبریز

3 گروه تربیت بدنی, دانشکده علوم انسانی, دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی, مشهد

10.22089/mbj.2022.12276.2020

چکیده

هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر یک دوره برنامه تمرینی اسب درمانی بر برخی شاخص های روانشناختی و عملکرد حسی_ حرکتی در کودکان پرخاشگر بود. تحقیق حاضر از نوع کاربردی و از حیث شیوه علی و مقایسه‌ای بود. 20 کودک پرخاشگر 4 تا 6 ساله ( به شیوه‌ی نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند)، شرکت کنندگان به دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شده و به تصادف در هر گروه 10 نفر گمارده شدند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده شامل آزمون عصب‐ روانشناختی کانرز، پرسشنامه پرخاشگری در کودکان پیش دبستانی، مقیاس اضطراب کودک اسسپنس برای والدین بود. پروتکل به مدت شانزده هفته و هر هفته دو جلسه دو ساعتی انجام پذیرفت. پس از مداخله دو گروه با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کواریانس مقایسه شد. یافته های پژوهش نشان داد یک دوره برنامه تمرینی اسب درمانی بر شاخص های روانشناختی و عملکرد حسی- حرکتی کودکان پرخاشگر تاثیر دارد (01/0 P <) . استفاده از پروتکل اسب درمانی بر بهبود روند درمان پرخاشگری و عوامل روانی همراه با آن از قبیل اختلال توجه و اضطراب مؤثر است (05/0 P >). بر مبنای این یافته، سطح توجه نیز پس از دوره درمان بهبود را نشان می‌دهد. به نظر می‌رسد اسب درمانی می تواند باعث بهبود توجه و کاهش پرخاشگری در کودکان شود، توصیه می شود روان درمانگران از این تمرینات در کنار سایر مداخات درمانی کودکان، جهت بهبود توجه و کاهش پرخاشگری استفاده نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of a horse therapy training program on some psychological indicators and sensory-motor function in aggressive children

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad mahdi amini 1
  • zahra mansour jozan 2
  • zahra jalayer 3

1 azad university

2 PhD Student in Motor Behavior, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz

3 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a horse therapy training program on some psychological indicators and sensory-motor function in aggressive children. The present study was applied and in terms of causal and comparative methods. Twenty aggressive children aged 4 to 6 years (selected by purposive sampling), participants were divided into experimental and control groups and 10 people were randomly assigned to each group. The instruments used included Connors psychological nerve test, Aggression Questionnaire in preschool children, and Espense child anxiety scale for parents. The protocol was performed for sixteen weeks and two two-hour sessions each week. After the intervention, the two groups were compared using analysis of covariance. Findings showed that a course of equine therapy training program has an effect on psychological indicators and sensory-motor function of aggressive children (P <0.01). The use of equine therapy protocol is effective in improving the treatment process of aggression and associated psychological factors such as attention deficit and anxiety (P> 0.05). Based on this finding, the level of attention also shows improvement after the treatment period. It seems that equine therapy can improve attention and reduce aggression in children, it is recommended that psychotherapists use these exercises along with other pediatric interventions to improve attention and reduce aggression.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Horse therapy
  • Aggression
  • Attention
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